An analysis of castles of the medieval era

It was not until around the Norman invasion that castles started appearing in any great number. Below the motte was a much larger, flatter, but lower mound, making the bailey of the motte-and-bailey. Some of the common characteristics of castles are; the motte — an earthen mound created with a flat top for the castle to be built upon; the moat — a large ditch around the castle, typically filled with water; the bailey — fortification that surrounds the keep; the keep — the actual residence of the lord in charge and the most strongly defended part of the castle; the gatehouse — the entrance to the castle; and the curtain wall — a large defensive wall, typically between two bastions.

Castles: The Magnificence Of the Medieval Era – History Documentary Films

Some say that not much was gained, from an architectural point of view, during the rule of the Franks but I believe there are a couple of points worth making. This church was later destroyed but the westwork was to be repeated in many Carolingian churches and passed on to Ottonian and Romanesque architecture.

This was also fenced in with a wooden palisade and housed what was, more or less, a small village. Also deriving from a Frankish noble family, the Carolingians are credited with a couple of key designs that carry forward into the Romanesque and Gothic phases of architecture.

The plan included equal emphasis on both the east and west ends, including a complex west facade. The gatehouse was an obvious weak-point, so a defensive barbican would be built to guard the approach. Due to the vertical emphasis of the design, the archways could be redesigned and stretched or pointed.

Figure 8 shows the ruins today and figure 9 shows what the chateau would have looked like.

During the Medieval Period why was it important for nobles to build castles - Assignment Example

During the estimated thousand years of the Middle Ages, and what we know of it, it is quite evident that architecture played an important part of each society. Not to mention that the location was often relative to the location of the rock quarry. From the 13th century onward, the masons took on apprentices and training became more formalized.

Throughout the Middle Ages, the key to the many successful pieces of architecture has been the architect. Castles changed, as there was call for this change to occur.

With all the columns and archways in place, the structure took on a skeletal look. This is what happened to William Duke of Normandy, who, after many years of war had become almost as powerful as his overlord, the King of France.

Architecture was not merely a necessary profession but it was a desired form of art work and we are fortunate that so many of these master pieces have been left for us to study and admire. A well designed castle could be defended effectively by a small force and hold out for a long period of time against greater numbers.

This is where the most powerful men; being counts, dukes, earls and kings, had control over their one estate, but would often give control to other lords, keeping a part of the land for themselves. A portcullis, which was an iron grille, attached to a winch in the room above, that could be quickly dropped at the first sign of danger, may be used.

Cleverly, he stopped any one of them amassing their power and taking his throne, by giving them separate estates spread across his kingdom. Many of these were improved, either by adding onto the motte and bailey design or building up on the same site, using the power base that had been created there to his advantage.

The Normans had them, however. Another important defensive structure was the gatehouse. Towards the end of the ninth century, strong lords began to build castles. Figure 2 — Exterior of Corvey Abbey, showing the Westwork.

This was the first obstacle faced by oncoming attackers after getting past a moat, again, used to distance siege weapons from the castle.

It was from on this groundwork that we begin to see how castles became so powerful an invention and how the beginning of the evolution of the castle in Britain came about.The medieval period in the UK spans the time from the Romans leaving until the rise of the Tudor dynasty, a period of nine hundred years.

Medieval Architecture

During that period what was considered a castle and the military tactics that were used in. Crossbows, bows, and javelins served as projectiles for most of the medieval period, though firearms had begun to appear toward the end of the era.

Siege weapons such as catapults helped armies break into castles and towns. Topics discussed include castle warfare, fortress customs, architectural design and symbolism, spatial planning and the depiction of castles in medieval romance. The contributions also serve to highlight the diversity of approaches to the medieval castle, ranging from the study of documentary and literary sources, analysis of fragmentary.

Castles: The Magnificence Of the Medieval Era – History Documentary Films. by admin · January 17, The Medieval Times was an extremely rough era for many people.

Examples List on Medieval Castles

The people in Medieval Europe had to work outrageously hard. Those that were considered to be common people of this time lived in very poor housing with little to no luxuries, and those of nobility lived in castles.

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An analysis of castles of the medieval era
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