At the same time, however, such an understanding of modernity is certainly not satisfactory to many, because it fails to explain the global influence of West European and American societies since the Renaissance. The development of biotechnology and genetic engineering are creating what some consider sources of unknown risks.
The notion of a unifying "national identity" also extends to countries that host multiple ethnic or language groups, such as India. In many cases, the regional administration was also subordinated to central national government.
The schools also taught the national history, often in a propagandistic and mythologised versionand especially during conflicts some nation states still teach this kind of history. Non-state actors, such as international corporations and non-governmental organizationsare widely seen as eroding the economic and political power of nation states, potentially leading to their eventual disappearance.
Individuals possess certain rights over and against collectives. The creation of national systems of compulsory primary education and a relatively uniform curriculum in secondary schools, was the most effective instrument in the spread of the national languages.
Seemingly contradictory characteristics ascribed to modernity are often different aspects of this process. All of the larger Papal States save the Vatican itself were occupied and absorbed by Italy by In both cases, the territory was previously divided among other states, some of them very small.
The most obvious impact of the nation state, as compared to its non-national predecessors, is the creation of a uniform national culturethrough state policy.
Pollution is perhaps the least controversial of these, but one may include decreasing biodiversity and climate change as results of development. Therefore, Bangladeshi society is to a great extent linguistically and culturally homogeneous, with very small populations of foreign expatriates and workers, although there is a substantial number of Bengali workers living abroad.
Besides these obvious incidents, many critics point out psychological and moral hazards of modern life - alienation, feeling of rootlessness, loss of strong bonds and common values, hedonism, disenchantment of the world, and so on.
The Brussels population speaks French or Dutch. It is an image of Christ. This type of state is not specifically European: The population belonged to many ethnic groups, and they spoke many languages.
German nationality law defined "German" on the basis of German ancestry, excluding all non-Germans from the people. As one can see above, often seemingly opposite forces such as objectivism and subjectivism, individualism and the nationalism, democratization and totalitarianism are attributed to modernity, and there are perhaps reasons to argue why each is a result of the modern world.
There is also unitary Belgian nationalismseveral versions of a Greater Netherlands ideal, and a German-speaking community of Belgium annexed from Germany inand re-annexed by Germany in — While many of these features have been dissolving, histories seem to suggest those features may not be mere exceptions to the essential characteristics of modernization, but necessary parts of it.
They were recognised by their neighbours as independent, and had their own government and laws. The internal diversity of the Ottoman Empirefor instance, was very great.
In Moldova, despite strong agitation from university faculty and students for reunification with Romaniathe nation-state project forged within the Moldavian SSR trumped the project for a return to the interwar nation-state project of Greater Romania.
For example, unique local culture is invaded and lost by the increased mobility of cultural elements, such as recipes, folktales, and hit songs, resulting in a cultural homogenization across localities, but the repertoire of available recipes and songs increases within a area because of the increased interlocal movement, resulting in a diversification within each locality.
Conversely, the cultural divergence at the border became sharper: The increasing emphasis during the 19th century on the ethnic and racial origins of the nation, led to a redefinition of the nation state in these terms.
To some, this is an indication of the potential of modernity, perhaps yet to be fully realized. Identity is self-constructed through self-consumption of products of desire.
In general, rational, scientific approach to problems and the pursuit of economic wealth seems still to many a reasonable way of understanding good social development.
Emergence of social science and anthropology Romanticism and Early Existentialism Naturalist approaches to art and description Evolutionary thinking in geology, biology, politics, and social sciences Beginnings of modern psychology Emancipation Defining Characteristics of Modernity There have been numerous attempts, particularly in the field of sociology, to understand what modernity is.This essay will describe the characteristics of the modern nation-state, explain how the United States fits the criteria of and functions as a modern nation-state, discuss the European Union as a transnational entity, analyze how nation-states and transnational entities engage on foreign policy to.
Definitions and Characteristics of Modernity Since the term "Modern" is used to describe a wide range of periods, any definition of modernity must account for the context in question. Modern can mean all of post-medieval European history, in the context of dividing history into three large epochs: Antiquity, Medieval, and Modern.
Published: Mon, 5 Dec Some characteristics of modern nation state are a nation state serves as one having supreme, independent authority over a geographic area, a particular nation and also as a territory; it is also a political and geopolitical entity.
Describing the characteristics of modern nation-state by giving describing Nation, State & Nation-state. The nation is a culture group residing within the territory of the political state.
The fundamental parts of the nation state are the nation and the state.
Let's start with the state. In the broadest of terms, the state is a body of government. essay will describe the characteristics of the modern nation-state, explain how the United States fits the criteria of and functions as a modern nation-state, discuss the European Union as a transnational entity, analyze how nation-states and transnational entities engage on foreign policy to achieve their interests, and the consequences of.Download