In Zanzibar became a protectorate not a colony of Britain. In the British colonies, the laws were typically made by a British Governor and legislative councilbut in the protectorates and princely states local rulers retained their traditional administrative authority and ability to legislate, subject to British control of certain areas.
Practical implementation of indirect rule[ edit ] Indirect rule was cheaper and easier for the European powers, and in particular it required fewer administrators, but it did have a number of problems. Colonial Assimilation argued that French law and citizenship was based on universal values that came from the French Revolution.
In many cases, European authorities empowered local traditional leaders, as in the case of the monarchy of Ugandabut if no suitable leader could be found in the traditional Western sense of the termthe Europeans would simply choose local rulers to suit them.
Subsequently, the same principle was applied in strategic regions on the sea routes to India, especially in the Persian Gulf protected states. It is cheaper, simpler, less wounding to their self-esteem, gives them more career as public officials, and spares of unnecessary contact with white men.
The condition of a protected dependency is more acceptable to the half civilized races, and more suitable for them than direct dominion. The establishment of naval and military bases in strategic points around the globe maintained the necessary power to underpin such control.
Written laws, which replaced oral laws, were less flexible to the changing social nature, old customs of retribution and justice were removed or banned, and the removal of more violent punishments in some areas led to an increase in crime.
The European ruling classes also often chose local leaders with similar traits to their own, despite these traits not being suited to native leadership. British Empire[ edit ] cartoon of Frederick Lugardconsidered the pioneer of indirect rule in colonial Africa Some British colonies were ruled directly by the Colonial Office in London, while others were ruled indirectly through local rulers who are supervised behind the scenes by British advisors.
While making more subtle distinctions, this model of direct versus indirect rule was dominant in academia from the s  until the s.
Indirect rule was particularly effective in enabling the British to exploit natural resources and raw materials of vast subordinate nations.
In the lands of the Sokoto Caliphateconquered by the British Empire at the turn of the century, Lugard instituted a system whereby external, military, and tax control was operated by the British, while most every other aspect of life was left to local pre-British aristocracies who may have sided with the British during or after their conquest.
The areas thus brought into the British sphere of influence became known as the Indian Princely States. Prime minister Salisbury explained his position: Many were conservative elders, and thus indirect rule fostered a conservative outlook among the indigenous population and marginalised the young intelligentsia.Critically compare and contrast two case studies and assess the success or failure of SSR efforts.
In your answer you should highlight the links between. British and French Colonial Technique in West Africa British and French Colonial Technique in West Africa.
European rule is a thing of scarcely more than a. Critically Compare the British Rule in India to the French one in Algeria. Throughout the nineteenth century, the rivalling countries of Britain and France were both. Indirect rule is a system of government used by the British and French to control parts of their colonial empires, particularly in Africa and Asia, through pre-existing local power structures.
British Rule In India History Essay. Print Reference Another important economic impact of the British rule in India was the initiation of a large quantity of.
Critically Compare the British Rule in India to the French one in Algeria.
Throughout the nineteenth century, the rivalling countries of Britain and France were both looking to expand into.Download