Various toy-goods for children such as cow, lamb, elephants, buffaloes, monkeys, boars, heno etc. The inscriptions on the seals discovered at Harappa and Mohenjo-Daro prove that the people of Indus Valley knew some sort of writing. The clothes were sewn as has been indicated by the discovery of needles.
In the absence of any written material or historical evidence scholars have made various speculations regarding the causes for the Decline or destruction of Indus Valley civilisation. It is suggested that they imported copper from Khetri of Rajasthan and tin from Afghanistan.
The floor of the bath-room was water-tight with a clear slope towards one corner. Traces of seven different layers have been found. From the evidence, we find three methods were used for the disposal of the dead person: It consisted of the following elements: Exchange between the Rig-Veda Aryans and the post-Harrapans is manifested in the form of painted grey ware pottery that archaeologists refer to as the PGW culture.
The planning of the houses does not suggest any purdah. Harappan Civilization had the first planned Cities in History A typical city as we believe would be divided into two sections, with both of them fortified separately.
Certain plants like Tulsi and Pinal are worshipped. In addition they also knew about similar animals like mongoose, squirrel, parrot, peacock, cat etc. Canals were used for making irrigation water accessible to the masses.
Almost all the three methods have been discovered but according to Sir John Marshall, the second method was the most popular.
Harappa and Mohenjo-Daro situated in the Montgomery district of the Punjab, and the larkana, situated in Sind. It is interesting to note that all the above metals, shells, beads and precious stones were imported from different places.
Corns as profit were exacted from the both side of the two cities. Economy of Harappan people The Harappan civilization economy was depending on the trade.
Trade and Agriculture Harappan Civilization was technologically on par with other old age civilizations, and that enabled it to have vibrant trading between settlements and various places across, namely Turkmenistan, Iran and some other in central Asia. We have also not come across any monumental sculpture in any of the remains.
Government Sites of Indus Valley civilization have items that suggest that standards were implemented for uniformity.
In addition the people of Indus Valley also knew the practice of dyeing. Attempts are made to identify this culture with either Aryan or Dravidian.
Building Materials There were not any stone built a house in Indus Cities. Various containers and pots made of silver, copper and bronze, combs and needles,mirrors, various weapons have been found in large number in the ruins of Mohenjo-Daro.
There were underground drains along the roads. They look like bullock-carts of the modern age. It was surprising that the most amazing fact of planning Drainage System of Harappan Civilization was the underground system.
Researchers also argue that equality prevailed in Harappan culture and also that there was some kind of democracy prevalent. There were houses in lanes also. Give two instances to show that seals throw light on the religion of the Harappan people.
Modem historians argue that there was neither large-scale migration of Aryans nor displacement of local population by ruthless conquest. Name four important sites of the Harappan civilization apart from Mohenjodaro and Harappa.For a long time it was believed that Indians are stay at home people and our civilization was only of recent origin.
But the excavation at Harappa and Mohenjo-Daro, which led to the discovery of Indus Valley civilization, has set all these doubts at naught. Harappan civilization was the most ancient civilization of India. Harappa and Mohenjo-Daro situated in the Montgomery district of the Punjab, and the larkana, situated in Sind.
Harappan civilization was conducted in the third decade of. Harappan Civilization had the first planned Cities in History A typical city as we believe would be divided into two sections, with both of them fortified separately.
One section was known as Acropolis; it was located on artificial raise. Forgotten to history prior to its rediscovery in the s, the Indus civilization -- as it is more commonly (if inaccurately) called -- ranks with its contemporaries, Mesopotamia and ancient Egypt, as one of the three earliest of all human civilizations, as defined by the emergence of cities and writing.
Q1. Why is the Harappan civilization so named? Ans: Harappa, situated on the banks of the river Ravi in the Montgomery district in west Punjab was the first excavated site of this civilization. This is why it is also called the Harappan civilization. Ans: Prior to the discovery of the Harappan.
The civilization at Mohenjo-Daro, and Harappa, Nal and Kulli grew up in the valley of the river Indus and that is why it is referred to as the “Indus Civilization.” Though the Indus civilization is considered to be one of the oldest culture in the world, but it .Download