Also relevant in this context was the emergence of England, briefly in the asses the Commonwealthand later, and The decline of spain in the permanently, following the Glorious Revolution of The last stroke would come from their neighbours. Remarkably, and rather curiously, Castle, still bearing the main burden, was relatively quiet.
Those resources included substantial remittances of bullion from the Indies; indeed bullion imports in every decade after now, and long had been, the major beneficiaries of that trade despite their formal exclusion from it.
So they rise up in arms, and that means that empire has to spend a lot of money on armies and weapons to extinguish it. Besides being dismissed as not very intelligent — some even dismiss him as an imbecile or idiot — he was unable to provide Spanish government with the energetic direction which it needed in difficult circumstances.
But the decline of Spain, like that of all dominant powers, was in some respects relative, simply the other side of the coin of the emergence, or re-emergence f other powers whose previous weakness had enabled Spain to take a lead and to rise in the first place.
Philip Ill was the first to rely on a new feature of the Spanish political scene, the royal favorite or valid, the first being the duke of Alarm.
Once prosperous industrial towns Granddad, Segovia, rolled decayed as their key industries fell into difficulty. In the later asses it looked to many outside observers as if the Spanish monarchy was disintegrating, its difficulties compounded by the fact that its elite appeared to have lost the martial qualities which had underpinned Spanish success the previous century.
A European price revolution was first fed by silver from central Europe, but then by that from the Spanish American mines.
The first, the Austrian Jesuit, Nitrate was effectively expelled from Spain following the machinations of another new and disturbing element in Spanish politics, Philip Avis bastard son, Don Juan of Austria, who had been emitted by his father from the Regency and who resented his exclusion.
In the 17th century, under a week king, Spain went downhill, with a lack of interest in commerce and industry compared to the rest of Europe.
Spain also became insular at this time, not wanting to learn from other countries, and stopping Spaniards from travelling abroad.
For one thing, Charles succeeded as a four year old child. The rise and apparent decline of Spain can be pursued In he State Papers mainly In series SP 94drawing above all on the dispatches of successive English diplomats resident often for long periods at the Spanish Court.
It was during this period the second half of the 16th century that the enormous palace and monastery, El Escorial, was built 50km north west of Madrid, the capital of Spain having been moved from Toledo to Madrid ina location selected because it was in the geographic centre.
However when a Bourbon king was returned to the throne inthe monarchy no longer had the same support from the people they had been without a true king for the previous 6 years and Spain was undergoing liberalism.
In addition, Aragon itself was divided into Aragon proper, Valencia, and Catalonia - each with its own institutions, customs, and regional identity. Back to the Time of the Moors - to After many years of trying to persuade them, Christopher Columbus received the backing of the monarchy and set off on his voyage that discovered America in For whatever reason the King relied completely a man with a record for causing trouble his decisions had lead to the war with the Dutch and later France.
The revolt of the Catalans, a study in the decline of Spain, Within approximately 50 years, the Spanish had explored and colonised most of southern America, and were sending gold back to Spain. Most of the European powers were ultimately involved in the wars that Louis fought in the Netherlands.
Spain, however, was frequently on the receiving end of this remarkable French evil: More importantly, many arbitristas believed that the influx of silver from the American mines was the cause of inflation which hurt Spanish manufactures.
It also has to be said that some of those diplomats, for example, Alexander Stanhope In the asses, had a largely jaundiced view of Spain, Its government and people, such that what they write about monarch, ministers and subjects cannot always be taken at face value; some others, however, were more sympathetic.
The new king allowed the government to deal with the real politics and there was a stable period. Spanish forces recovered Catalonia and Naples from French control but Portugal was lost permanently.
But in fact they did little to change the attitude of the nobility toward work. He enjoys a very poor historical reputation. The nobility, being wealthier than ordinary people, also had the privilege of being exempt from taxes, which the lower classes did not have.
The government in Spain, short of revenue for its expensive imperial projects, increased the fiscal burden and manipulated the nonage, triggering inflation and further damaging the Spanish economy. After the revolt a 12 year truce ensued, but as soon as Spain felt ready it attacked again, without much success.
The beginning of the 18th century saw the end of the Habsburg line of kings - the new heir to the throne was a Bourbon, with French connections. The existence of this group was among the most distinctive cultural or intellectual consequences of recession in Spain, although it is possible that historians have been too influenced by he somber picture painted by these arbitrates.
In Decemberthe duke of Brazen, Portugal senior aristocrat, took advantage of Philip Avis Spanish king was fighting to restore his authority in Portugal, in a conflict which caused devastation in those parts of Spain bordering Portugal Galatia, Castle, Extramural and Andalusiauntil in the Court of Madrid finally recognized Portugal independence.
These difficulties exacerbated, and Newer in turn sharpened by political difficulties within the Spanish monarchy. For its part, Seville, which had prospered greatly in the sixteenth century as the hub of the Indies trade, suffered from the silting up of the river Quadrangular — the trade re-locating to Cadis later in the seventeenth century?At the height of the Spanish Empire, Spain controlled large areas of South America, large areas of Italy, Austria and the Netherlands.
Within Spain, money was poured into churches and monasteries rather than developing sustainable business or agriculture. Spain lost the war and territories and the right to be called a world power, bringing about the decline of the Spanish empire which the Anglo Spanish war helped cement.
On the home front things weren't going so great either.
Combined with Castile's decline in economy and manpower, this put a strain on the entirety of Spain that precipitated its decline. This is a good point to then read /u/Venmar 's post, to review the many troubles of the 17th century. A rather interesting event in European history is the fall of the Spanish Empire.
When Philip II died inthe tendrils of Spain reached across almost the entirety of Central and South America, north and south Italy, and the Benelux area. The Decline of Spain in the Seventeenth Century They not only united “Spain” by bringing together, very loosely, these disparate territories, but they also conquered the last Islamic realm (Granddad) In Iberia, supported Columbus’ Atlantic voyages, and extended Spanish dominion in north Africa and Italy.
The Spanish state had been created by the marriage of Ferdinand of Aragon to Isabella of Castile in Although future monarchs of Spain ruled both Aragon and Castile, little was done to unify the administration or legal systems of the two.Download