Most gangs operate informally with leadership falling to whomever takes control; others have distinct leadership and are highly structured, which resembles more or less a business or corporation.
The cliques typically bring more territory to a gang as they expand and recruit new members. Chinese youth gangs specializing in theft and drugs have been reported, as well as other gangs that engage in a wider variety of criminal activities and are more varied in age, number of members, and degree of territoriality Klein However, the s saw the emergence of American-style gangs: Terence Thornberry noted that although many gang members use violence before joining a gang, gang membership and not prior offending is the better predictor of subsequent involvement in violent crime.
However, the majority of gang youths come from families under severe strain; families often unable to provide these things.
Gangs appear to be much more likely to form in poor, urbanized areas with underdeveloped social institutions. In many cases, families are simply too poor to provide the economic resources that many gangs are capable of supplying.
Common motives include camaraderie; a sense of belonging; status; new and exciting experiences; access to drugs and alcohol; and monetary opportunities through illegal markets.
Without question, it decreases property values in residential neighborhoods and negatively affects industrial and commercial areas. Hoodrats are seen as being promiscuous and heavy drug and alcohol users. Additionally, hyperactivity, low self-esteemand lack of role models can contribute as well.
Gangs can act as surrogate families to youths, providing a sense of belonging, identity, status, and protection. Initiation rites, which range from being beaten by a row of gang members "walking the line"to committing a crime or harming a member of an opposing gang are sometimes required to join a gang, but are often inconsistently applied Fleisher ; Spergel ; Miller In fact, many gang activities are frequently shared by a large portion of society.
Interest in gangs declined in the s; however, gangs have increasingly captured the attention of academics since But some gangs start inside prisons, and only later do they extend their reach to the outside world.
These gangs obviously require members to have been in prison at one time, and are particularly tough and brutal. The notion of respect drives gang life almost completely, and for many gang members, gaining respect means committing violent crimes.
For the most part, they are large and fairly well organized, and members appear to share a strong sense of solidarity. We protected each other. They [my relatives] are from different gangs, though. Some states have a formal process to establish that a person is a member of a gang, called validation.
These are sometimes called "supergangs. So, what is a set? In some areas, joining a gang is an integrated part of the growing-up process.
In this period, many immigrants settled in ethnic enclaves in inner-city neighborhoods characterized by several features: These hybrids - new gangs that may have the names but not the other characteristics of older gangs - are one of the new types of gangs most frequently found in communities that had no gang culture prior to the s or s.
The year that I was there it was like, umm, they were like family, because we could all take care of each other. The limited research on gangs in Asia indicates that youth gangs in Malaysia and Thailand commit a relatively large share of the total crime there Holyst Gangs have been a fairly consistent feature of the urban landscape of Britain.Gangs - The Overall Picture Personal Caroline Becerra Poverty & Prejudice: Gangs of All Colors These three types of gangs vary in the degree of violence.
The first is the social gang. and criminal activities members will participate in. Members are usually very loyal to the point where they are willing to do almost anything for their.
Youths who live in areas with gangs may be harassed, assaulted, or even killed if they do not belong to a gang, and friends who are tough and have knowledge of the streets may protect them.
and many of the incidents involving guns also involve street and other types of gangs. A gang is sometimes difficult to define, especially in legal.
Some 33, violent street gangs, motorcycle gangs, and prison gangs are criminally active in the U.S. today. Many are sophisticated and well organized; all use violence to control neighborhoods. Jul 25, · Members view themselves as a gang, and they are recognized by others as a gang.
Defining "types" of gangs. The National Gang Intelligence Center and the National Drug Intelligence Center collaborated to produce the National Gang Threat Assessment in The book discusses street gangs, prison gangs and outlaw. When gang members go to prison, they don't necessarily relinquish their gang membership.
Street gangs continue to exist (and fight other gangs) inside prison walls. But some gangs start inside prisons, and only later do they.
Many types of gangs make up the general structure of an organized group. There are street gangs, Upon joining a gang, they instantly gain a feeling of belonging and identity; they are surrounded with individuals whom they can relate to. They have generally grown up in the same area as one another and can bond over similar needs.